Role of Non Government Organizations (NGO's)
An accredited non Government Organization
or person, engaged in the field of social work are permitted to visit a prison
after due scrutiny and with the prior permission of the Inspector General of Prisons
or the Government , to conduct courses/schemes in the jails for the purpose of reformation
and rehabilitation of the prisoners, This permission is given for a period of one year and the same is renewed from time to time.
Subsequently, the superintendent of concerned jail signs a
MOU(Memorandum of Understanding) with the NGOs for the purpose of reformation and rehabilitation of Prisoners.
Such permission shall be withdrawn
by the Inspector General of Prisons or the Government, if activities of such organization
or person are found to be detrimental to the security of the prison or safety of
Education of Prisoners
Education is vital for the overall development of prisoners. Through education,
their outlook, habits and total perspective of life can be changed. Education of
prisoners benefits the society as well as it leads to their rehabilitation and self-sufficiency.
Education reduces the tendency to crime. This would mean less crime, fewer victims,
fewer prisoners, more socially productive people, and less expenditure on criminal
justice and law enforcement.
The educational programme consist of:-
- Physical and health education.
- Academic education.
- Social education
- Vocational education.
- Moral and spiritual education.
- Cultural education.
- Training in Industrial Trade.
Objectives of work Programmes and Vocational Training
Vocational training and work programmes treated as essential features of the correctional
The objective of such programmes should be:-
1) Imparting discipline and work culture among inmates.
2) Developing right attitudes towards work and dignity of labour.
(a) physical and mental well-being of inmates.
(b) proper development
of mind through intelligent manual labour.
(c) sprit of fellowship and a cooperative
way of living.
(d) a sense of group adjustment.
4) Development capacity for sustained hard work.
5) Building habits of concentration, steadiness, regularity and exactness in work.
6) Imparting and improving work-skills.
7) Awakening the self-confidence and self-reliance of inmates.
8) Training and preparing inmates for achieving lasting social readjustment and rehabilitation.
9) Imparting an occupational status and thus creating a sense of economic security
10) Keeping inmates usefully employed in meaningful and productive work.
11) Preventing idleness, indiscipline and disorder amongst them.
12) Maintaining a good level of morale amongst them and thus promoting a sense of
self-as well as
institutional discipline among them.